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Common Health Front and three associations for drug prevention (06/12/2018)

The Governing Board has approved the granting of three grants amounting to 36,000 euros to Alfamur, Solidarity and Reintegration Foundation (Proyecto Hombre) and Fundación Diagrama.

The City's Smoking Unit attended last year to more than 300 people and gave specialized training to 12 medical residents.

Alcohol is the psychoactive substance with the highest prevalence among the population aged 15 to 64 in Spain, according to the 2017 report Alcohol, tobacco and illegal drugs in Spain.

The City of Murcia maintains one more year its economic support to associations and NGOs for the development of assistance activities and reintegration of drug addicts, within the framework of the Municipal Drug Plan, which includes among its objectives the need to serve consumers of these substances, with special emphasis on alcohol and tobacco, and support existing organizations that address this problem.

In this sense, the Government Board approved in its last session the proposal of the Department of Sports and Health, directed by Felipe Coello, for the award of a global grant of 36,000 euros to Alfamur, Solidarity and Reintegration Foundation (Proyecto Hombre) and Diagram Foundation.

With these helps the City Council consolidates its collaboration with these entities to respond to the incidence of drug use on the population and its relationship with certain lifestyles, especially legal drugs, their consumption patterns and access to them. increasingly younger age.

In this context, the municipal collaboration will be directed to support ALFAMUR (Association of alcoholics and family members) in the development of its program of rehabilitation, counseling and psychological assistance to alcoholics and family members, as well as to inform employers and educators, workers and students about alcohol and its consequences and ways of acting in cases of alcoholism.

With this objective, the association will receive a grant of 4,000 euros.

For its part, the Solidarity and Reintegration Foundation (Proyecto Hombre Murcia) will have a grant of 20,000 euros for its psychosocial reintegration program for people with addiction problems.

With this plan, the entity works to promote the insertion or social, labor and family normalization of the users, as well as to achieve a lifestyle that leads to personal autonomy, maintaining abstinence and being able to make decisions in a coherent manner. and consistent with the established personal life plan;

besides consolidating a social network that helps in the prevention of relapses.

Diagrama Foundation will also receive a municipal aid, in this case for an amount of 12,000 euros, which will be used to finance the catering service for users of the "Heliotropos" Day Center, which provides service in the morning and afternoon, and offers treatment. therapeutic to people with problems of substance addiction, within its objective of favoring the learning of instrumental and behavioral skills at the table, develop their personal and social autonomy and promote the acquisition of healthy habits.

300 people served by the Smoking Unit in 2017

Tobacco dependence is recognized by the WHO as a chronic addictive disease, which frequently requires multiple interventions by health care services, and repeated attempts by patients to achieve prolonged periods of abstinence or permanent cessation of tobacco. .

An important part of this effort lies in prevention to avoid the incorporation of new consumers, and on the other hand, in the possibility of encouraging the abandonment of smokers' consumption and offering them help when they wish to quit.

The municipal health services put at the disposal of the citizens of the municipality of Murcia a Specialized Unit in smoking cessation where, after referral from their primary care physician, they can receive help to quit smoking.

The unit has a full-time doctor, where in 2017 they reached more than 300 people and provide specialized training to 12 medical residents.

Alcohol, the most prevalent psychoactive substance

On the other hand, we should remember some data provided by the last study AGES in its report 2017 Alcohol, tobacco and illegal drugs in Spain, where it is detailed that alcohol is the psychoactive substance with the highest prevalence among the population of 15 to 64 years in Spain .

93.5% report having consumed alcoholic beverages at some time in their lives, while tobacco is the second most widespread psychoactive substance in Spain.

The study also indicates that 72.5% declare that they have smoked tobacco at some time and that cannabis ranks as the most prevalent illegal psychoactive substance in Spain, followed by powdered cocaine, the next illegal drug with the largest consumption (in 2015, 8.9% of the population admits having used it at some time in their life).

In the decade between 1999 and 2009 its prevalence increased progressively, from 3.1% to 10.2% and, thereafter, the indicator has remained between 9% and 10%.

Ecstasy, amphetamines and hallucinogens continue, as in recent years, with a prevalence of less than 5%.

On the other hand, heroin and volatile inhalants register an extension of residual consumption among the population.

Source: Ayuntamiento de Murcia

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